Monday, 2 September 2013

Concerns about transparency and lobbying continue in East Devon: pt 2


Recording Council Meetings:

The Minister for Local Government has issued guidance on the recording of council meetings and encouragement of digital media:

Eric Pickles opens up planning appeals and lays down challenge

Abuse of state powers could threaten bloggers with arrest.

Local Government Secretary, Eric Pickles, today (22 August 2013) warned that freedom of speech and independent journalism were under attack in local government, following local residents being threatened with arrest for filming and reporting meetings.
In response, Mr Pickles upped the stakes, as he will be publishing new guidance which formally opens up planning appeal hearings to be filmed, tweeted and reported. He laid down a challenge to councils to open up their planning committees and other meetings in return.
As part of the government’s review of planning practice guidance, new guidance by the Planning Inspectorate will make clear the rights for members of the press and public, including local bloggers and hyperlocal journalists, to report, film and tweet planning appeal hearings. Ministers hope this will open up a previously mysterious and rarely seen side of the planning process.
The Planning Inspectorate determines 20,000 appeals a year, of which roughly 2,000 are via hearings or inquiries, compared to almost half a million planning applications considered by councils. The number of applications going to appeal has fallen since 2010.
In June, Mr Pickles published clear guidance to councils asking them to open up to overt filming and social media. This builds on the rights to attend council meetings that were introduced by Margaret Thatcher in 1960, following a Private Members’ Bill in her maiden speech to Parliament.
However, since June, some councils are still continuing to oppose an independent press:
  • Wirral Council has said filming a planning committee would compromise “health and safety”
  • Tower Hamlets Council barred a 71 year old resident from filming due the risk of “reputational damage to the authority”
  • Keighley Town Council blocked residents filming as it would amount to a “breach of standing orders”
  • Bexley Council said audio and visual filming would breach its “agreed protocol”
  • Stamford Town Council has placed a ban on journalists tweeting from meetings due to the risk of them “not accurately portraying a debate”
  • a blogger in Huntingdonshire was removed by police for filming, and has advised fellow bloggers to “be prepared for the police to be called and the possibility of arrest” if they try to film or report council meetings
The Welsh government has also rebuffed the suggestion that the same approach should be taken to open up council meetings in Wales, as is being pushed in England. Welsh ministers have claimed that the interest in openness is “an unhealthy obsession” and a blogger in Carmarthenshire was arrested and handcuffed by the police for filming a council meeting.
Mr Pickles said:
Watching television programmes like Grand Designs, viewers have been baffled as cameras are stopped from filming meetings of the planning committee. Councillors shouldn’t be ashamed or be trying to hide the work they do. I am opening up the planning appeals that my department oversees, so the public can see how the planning system works in practice. Councils should match this by opening up their planning meetings and other committees.
A small number of councils are blocking filming because they want to suppress independent reporting, just as some councils are clinging to their town hall Pravdas. An independent local press and robust public scrutiny is essential for a healthy local democracy: without the sunlight of transparency, the flowering of localism will wither. Heavy-handed councils who call the police to suppress freedom of speech are abusing state powers.

Further information
New guidance to open up planning appeals
As part of the government’s review of planning practice guidance, the Department for Communities and Local Government is publishing a new procedural guide for the Planning Inspectorate. A new section will explicitly open up planning appeals with common sense advice:
Hearings and inquiries are open to journalists and the wider public, as well as interested people. Provided that it does not disrupt proceedings, anyone will be allowed to report, record and film proceedings including the use of digital and social media. Inspectors will advise people present at the start of the event that the proceedings may be recorded and/or filmed, and that anyone using social media during or after the end of the proceedings should do so responsibly.
Not so open: recent case studies
On 14 June 2013, Eric Pickles published a new guide for local residents explaining how they can attend and report their local council meetings. The new guidance explicitly states that councils should allow the public to film, blog and tweet council meetings.
However, this has been opposed by some councils:
  • Wirral Council banned a blogger from filming its planning committee on health and safety grounds, asserting the ban was necessary as they cannot ‘police’ people filming (Liverpool Echo, 1 July 2013)
  • Tower Hamlets stopped a 71 year old resident and OAP campaigner filming a council meeting in June 2013 (East London Advertiser, 27 June 2013). Council officers asserted that allowing filming could lead to “reputational damage to the authority” (Ted Jeory blog, 26 June 2013)
  • Keighley Town Council stopped a council meeting when a group of pensioners started to film the meeting and called in the police who escorted the 11 residents from the town hall (BBC News Online, 5 July 2013). Officials argued allowing filming would be a “breach of Standing Orders” (Telegraph and Argus, 18 July 2013)
  • blogger Richard Taylor, producing a guide for citizens on how to film meetings, has warned that some councils have demanded identity papers, such as a passport, before allowing filming, and warned “be prepared for the police to be called and the possibility of arrest, especially if you intend to film, photograph, tweet or take notes on a laptop” (Richard Taylor blog, 10 July 2013) (that blogger was threatened with arrest when he tried to film Huntingdon District Council, Heart.co.uk, 29 June 2013)
  • Bexley Council has asserted it intends to continue to prohibit audio and visual filming due to its “agreed protocol” (News Shopper, 18 June 2013)
  • Stamford Town Council meeting has reaffirmed its ban on a newspaper reporter tweeting from a council meeting, due to “concerns about 140 character snippets of information not accurately portraying a debate” (Holdthefrontpage, 26 June 2013)
  • the Welsh government has declined to follow the suggestion from the UK government that filming and blogging should be allowed as a right in council meetings in Wales; Welsh ministers have claimed that this interest in openness is “an unhealthy obsession” (ITV News, 14 June 2013)
  • the Welsh government has taken no action against the high-profile arrest and handcuffing of a blogger in Carmarthenshire Council; the New Statesman’s legal blog has covered this case


Exposing Planning Lobbyists:

The Minister for Local Government has had something else to say about shedding light on another aspect of how councils operate:

Eric Pickles: 'Shadowy' planning lobbyists must be exposed

Lobbyists who secretly work for property developers to help push through controversial planning applications will be forced to publish their client list or face prosecution, a minister has warned.

Eric Pickles, the Local Government Secretary Photo: PA
Eric Pickles, the Local Government Secretary, said he wants to expose the “shadowy” world in which highly paid lobbyists seek to persuade officials and councillors to approve developments.
He said there is concern about the “ethics and practises” of some of the lobbyists, who in the past lobbyists have been known to pretend to be local members of a community in order to gain support for planning applications.
Mr Pickles is planning to amend the Transparency of Lobbying bill, which is currently before Parliament, to extend it to cover local authorities.
Lobbyists will be required to update their entry every three months. Those who deliberately leave off clients’ details would face prosecution
Mr Pickles told The Daily Telegraph: “The bill is an opportunity to extend lobbying registration to local government, so shadowy third-party consultancies who help lobby councillors and council officers act in an open fashion.”
The Daily Telegraph disclosed earlier that councillors across the country are offering themselves as advisers to property developers for fees of up to £20,000, despite the potential conflict of interest.
Under relaxed planning reforms, local authorities without a development plan in their area are expected to approve any application which is said to be “sustainable”. Conservationists have warned that the term is too open to interpretation.
Mr Pickles said: “The Daily Telegraph’s expose of the dubious, if not unlawful, practice of councillors lobbying councils for money shows the need for the sunlight of transparency.
“There is concern about the ethics and practices of a small part of the development lobbying industry, and action is needed to flush out bad practices from a small number of rogue operators."
Francis Ingham, chief executive of the Public Relations Consultants Association, welcomed the move. He said: “It would drive those who behave pretty unethically out of business. We have heard of companies who get their staff to go around pretending they have just moved into an area and getting people to sign petitions.
“It would be in everyone’s interests if that sort of thing was stopped. It is a sleight of hand, it is down and out lying.”
Mr Pickles added: “I am committed to increasing transparency and accountability in local government, as an essential check and balance to devolving more power and funding down from Whitehall to the town hall.
"In particular, with the passage of the Localism Act, councils now have more power and discretion over planning – but it is essential that we safeguard the integrity of the locally-led planning.”

Eric Pickles: 'Shadowy' planning lobbyists must be exposed - Telegraph

See also: ‘Shadowy’ planning lobbyists must be exposed | Susie Bond


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