Friday, 1 May 2015

Foreign aid: and the views of East Devon's parliamentary candidates

The Exmouth Journal has been asking candidates for their opinions and policies on key issues:
Futures Forum: Climate change: and the views of East Devon's parliamentary candidates

One area is spending on foreign aid:
East Devon constituency: Readers’ questions answered - foreign aid - Election - Exmouth Journal

All the candidates feel the UK should continue to provide in this way - although some would cut the current amount going to 'corrupt governments':
Nigeria, a country so corrupt it would be better to burn our aid money | Daily Mail Online

It could be argued that the politics of aid has very little to do with what countries actually ‘need’:

British amongst least generous on overseas aid

November 9, 2013

The UK will join a small group of countries meeting the UN target on international aid this year, but public opinion is yet to catch up with Britain's Nordic counterparts

As India launched a £45 million spacecraft to Mars earlier in the week, inevitablequestions were raised about the £280 million the UK gave to India this year in international aid, and more generally why the international aid budget is increasing when funding for many other departments is being cut. In March this year George Osbornepledged to spend 0.7% of national income on international aid in 2013 - meeting the long-standing UN target for developed countries. The UK will become the sixth country after Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to meet this target.
YouGov's cross-country EuroTrack survey shows British people are more pessimistic about international than their Nordic counterparts in the 0.7% club.
We asked the public of the UK, France, Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland to rate how generous they think their government should be on overseas aid on a scale from one to ten, with 0 being nothing at all and 10 giving very generously.
The average score for Brits was 3.6, only the French are stingier (3.25). Swedes are the most generous, with an average score of 4.99.
In the UK, 17% think we should give no overseas aid at all, the highest of the countries polled.
The lack of generosity by the British public could be a reflection on collective scepticism about the effectiveness of international aid. When asked to score effectiveness of aid on a scale of one to ten, with ten being ‘very effective’ and zero being ‘very ineffective’, British adults give the lowest average score (2.43).
Swedes, the most generous nation, are also the most likely to see international aid as effective (3.88).

The Reality

In 2012, the UK spent just over half a percent (0.56%) of national income on international aid, with this set to rise to 0.7% in 2013. This will make it amongst the most generous nations in the world, although Sweden leads the way of the countries we polled, already spending almost one percent (0.99%) of its national income on aid.
Across Europe there is little appetite for an increase aid budgets. A majority of the public in all the countries surveyed except for Sweden want their international aid budget to decrease.  
Just 7% of British people want the overseas aid budget to increase, the lowest level of support along with the French. Two-thirds (66%) of the British public want it to decrease.
Swedes are also the most likely to want the international aid budget to increase (27%).
Image: Getty
YouGov | British amongst least generous on overseas aid

On the other hand, Ireland, despite its economic woes, has increased its foreign aid:
Ireland is a world leader in foreign aid to countries most in need
The Good Country Index- Ireland crowned the 'goodest' country in the world - Daily Mail Online

Published on Jul 2, 2014

It's an unexpected side effect of globalization: problems that once would have stayed local—say, a bank lending out too much money—now have consequences worldwide. But still, countries operate independently, as if alone on the planet. 

Policy advisor Simon Anholt has dreamed up an unusual scale to get governments thinking outwardly: The Good Country Index. In a riveting and funny talk, he answers the question, "Which country does the most good?" The answer may surprise you (especially if you live in the US or China).

Simon Anholt: Which country does the most good for the world? - YouTube

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