Copenhagen is aiming to be a carbon-zero city by 2025:
COPENHAGEN - THE FIRST CARBON NEUTRAL CAPITAL IN THE WORLDCopenhagen -The official website of Denmark
Copenhagen aims to be world's first carbon neutral capital : Renew Economy
Radio 4's You and Yours earlier today looked at "the Danish power station run on straw"...
BBC Radio 4 - You and Yours, Straw power station , Danish Energy
Denmark has hundreds of 'district heating plants' running on waste:
Large and small scale district heating plants | Energistyrelsen
District heating (less commonly called teleheating) is a system for distributing heat generated in a centralized location for residential and commercial heating requirements such as space heating and water heating.
The heat is often obtained from a cogeneration plant burning fossil fuels but increasingly biomass...
District heating plants can provide higher efficiencies and better pollution control than localized boilers.
According to some research, district heating with combined heat and power (CHPDH) is the cheapest method of cutting carbon emissions, and has one of the lowest carbon footprints of all fossil generation plants.CHPDH is being developed in Denmark as a store for renewable energy, particularly wind electric, that exceeds instantaneous grid demand via the use of heat pumps and thermal stores.
District heating - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Norway’s largest solar district heating plant inaugurated
Last month, the UK government launched a paper:
It would be interesting to see if the District Council is making any bids for Westminster funding...
This ties in with arguments for 'decentralised' energy:
Futures Forum: What are the most efficient forms of energy.. at a local level?
DEKB.co.uk - The UK's Information Portal for Decentralised Energy
The Scandinavians are hot on burning waste in their district heating plants:
Is burning garbage green? In Sweden, there’s little debate | Midwest Energy News
Trash to cash: Norway leads the way in turning waste into energy | Environment | The Guardian
BBC News - Norway uses waste as eco-friendly fuel
The Viennese have no problem with an incinerator in their back yard:
Waste-to-energy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Although others would question burning 'waste'...
Municipal governments throughout the world are facing choices about how to manage the unending stream of waste generated by their residents and businesses. In some places landfills and dumpsites are filling up, and all landfills and dumpsites leak into the environment.
Ultimately, burning these resources creates a demand for more “waste” and discourages the real solutions: conservation, redesigned packaging and products, reuse, recycling, and composting.
Investments are needed to think waste out of the system, but not through burning but through practical, bottom-up, decentralized strategies and urban solutions for reducing climate pollution and conserving energy and natural resources.
Energy from burning waste? Bad news for the climate | World Development Movement
But the Danes see it as an opportunity and are investing in the UK:
Danish pension fund backs construction of straw-fuelled power plant - FT.com
New joint venture funds straw-fired power plant in the UK | Biomassmagazine.com