Futures Forum: Garden cities and greenfield sites
Exeter and Taunton could double in size to ease Britain's housing shortage | Western Morning News
East Devon has tried putting together an 'eco-town':
Futures Forum: Cranbrook: an 'eco-town' no more
Futures Forum: Cranbrook: What's the difference between a housing estate and an eco newtown?
The Design Council has got some straightforward guidance on the matter.
Although produced in 2008 for a government initiative, it remains aspirational for today:
What makes an eco-town? | Design Council
The 'list' of what makes an eco-town looks very interesting some years on:
The standards eco-towns should meet include the following as set out in the 'draft Planning Policy Statement: eco-towns':
- Affordable housing: a minimum of 30% affordable housing in each eco-town
- Zero-carbon: eco-towns must be zero-carbon over the course of a year (not including transport emissions)
- Green space: a minimum of 40% of eco-towns must be greenspace
- Waste and recycling: eco-towns must have higher recycling rates and make use of waste in new ways
- Homes: homes must reach Code for Sustainable Homes level 4 or higher (surprisingly not the highest standard available, casting doubt on the credibility of these requirements)
- Employment: at least one job opportunity per house accessible by public transport, walking or cycling (although the standards are silent on how housing developers might guarantee this and it is largely discredited in the current economic crisis)
- Services: there must be shops and a primary school within easy walk of every single home, and all the services expected from a town of up to 20,000 homes
- Transition/construction: facilities should be in place before and during construction
- Public transport: real-time public transport information in every home, a public transport link within ten minutes walk of every home
- Community: there must be a mixture of housing types and densities, and residents must have a say in how their town is run, by governance in new and innovative ways.
There are further standards on water, biodiversity and other issues.
There is a short video about the standards.
The standards are subject to consultation and may therefore change.
Eco-towns - Wikipedia
With a BBC Schools webpage giving some more overview:
BBC - GCSE Bitesize: Case study: Whitehill Bordon (Ecotown), UK
Perhaps the compulsory five hours of 'sustainability education' does not appeal:
Masdar City - Wikipedia
And only Bicester made it as an eco town:
Futures Forum: Green cities, garden cities @ Radio 4
However, as far as putting together a Neighbourhood Plan goes, this might be very useful...
Futures Forum: Neighbourhood Plan: New survey for the Valley's youth >>> 'First taste of democracy in action for Sid Valley youngsters'