Tuesday, 9 May 2017

Building a new social contract

There has been a lot of talk of late about the need for a 'new social contract' - but what is the idea of 'the social contract'?

Social contract theory, nearly as old as philosophy itself, is the view that persons' moral and/or political obligations are dependent upon a contract or agreement among them to form the society in which they live.
Social Contract Theory | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

the voluntary agreement among individuals by which, according to any of various theories, as of Hobbes, Locke, or Rousseau, organized society is brought into being and invested with the right to secure mutual protection and welfare or to regulate the relations among its members.
Social contract | Define Social contract at Dictionary.com

Here is the view from New Delhi:

A new social contract

European leaders should not confuse a temporary partial victory with the overcoming of the continent’s challenges. Europe is becoming more and more identified with a sectarian project built on a twisted reading of social sciences, “an ideological banker’s view”. It must reform deeply its ways or risk failure. The ‘savage globalisation’ denounced by challengers to the European establishment is a reality, even if it exists far more outside than inside European borders. 

A responsible and globalised elite must give a serious response to the global development and environmental challenges and definitely look more seriously at the Jihadism and other fanatic threats. This is the only way to avoid unsustainable migratory pressures and to counter threats originated from outside, while stimulating the internal output fabric. To become inward looking, as the anti-globalists propose, will make impossible an open liberal political stance. On the internal front, however, the elites should stop their arrogant attitude towards the popular vote and its concerns. 
A constructive proposal towards a new social contract where everyone may find his reasonable concerns addressed is the only positive way forward.

New Delhi Times - India's Only International Newspaper- Read about International issues and policies - French Elections; The Western social contract under threat | New Delhi Times – India's Only International Newspaper

And from Canada:
Executive pay and our eroding social contract | The London Free Press

And from Ireland:
Opinion: 'What standard of living do people want? What is required to deliver this?'

Here in the UK, the NEF has also looked at the idea:


2 MAY, 2017 |


The New Economics Foundation works to build a new economy where people can really take control. To move towards that goal, we have to think about two things: the process of gaining control, and the resources over which people take control.

As part of this work, we draw inspiration from growing movements to claim and control ‘the commons’. This refers to resources that are life’s necessities. They include:

> Natural resources: land, water, air, and sources of energy
> Cultural resources: knowledge
> Economic resources: funds for investment in the public interest
> Social resources: relationships and activities through which we help each other participate and flourish

None of these are simply nice-to-haves. They are the means by which we meet basic human needs. That’s why they should never be appropriated by those who have wealth and power, but held in common so that they are accessible to everyone, by right, now and in future.

This paper focuses on the last of these: social resources. We must build the case for a new social commons, and urgently, because we’re in danger of losing what we’ve taken for granted for half a century. The old order of politics, including the post-war welfare settlement, is crumbling.

If we ever thought we had secure access to things like education or health care, housing or income support, that sense of security is seeping away. In the US and across Europe, the rise of populism signals new depths of anger among people who feel betrayed by the powerful and out of control of their lives. If people want to throw out the bathwater of established institutions, we must rescue the baby of pooled resources, collective action and mutual aid.

So this is a good time to claim, value and build the social commons. Our Foundation is committed to enabling people to gain control over life’s necessities.The process of ‘commoning’ reimagines social resources, not as top-down services delivered by the state to the people, but as activities and relationships co-designed and co-produced by lay people and professionals, with control anchored at local level.

We link our vision with movements to claim common rights to natural resources including land, water and energy, which are also life’s necessities. The challenge in both cases is to develop appropriate forms of shared ownership and control, forging new relationships between people, the commons and the public realm.

Our proposal recognises the transformative potential of strong, inclusive and shared local action, supported by public institutions that set standards, distribute resources and ensure equitable access. Building a new social commons, we argue, will foster solidarity, social justice and sustainability. It addresses the enduring problems of welfare reform, alongside the challenge of leaving the European Union.

Can we envisage a social commons that people can shape and control collectively, and rely upon for the future? What would it consist of? People themselves must decide. So we propose that it is shaped through democratic dialogue – with everyday wisdom informed by evidence and expertise, and engaging with elected representatives.

We envisage a statement of shared intent, inspired by a multitude of local initiatives, developed through dialogue and accumulating support and strength over time. The process of claiming the social commons should be inclusive and egalitarian, promote wellbeing for all and aim to meet everyone’s basic needs, now and in future. It should include, at least, the means by which we collectively provide education, health and social care, affordable housing, a decent job and a living income for everyone.

Together, these common resources make a huge contribution to household income. Most of us would be destitute if we had to pay for them out of earnings. Without them we cannot hope to flourish. We must claim, control and build them as a matter of right, shared by all, and secure them for future generations.

Building a new social commons | New Economics Foundation


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